2022. no 2. Eldar Vaniev
Features of administration of justice in the Crimean Khanate
(Fevzi Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University)
Annotation. The article analyzes the problems of functioning of judicial system in the Crimean Khanate. The law institute of the Crimean judges was an important component of the Crimean judicial system. Its principals and features of development are analyzed in the article. A brief historical review of the establishment of qadi institution in the Muslim legal system is carried out. The independence of the development of the Crimean judicial system is indicated, its internal structure is considered. It was found out that the structure consisted of three levels, similar to modern. The Crimean khan was endowed with a special set of judicial powers. It was revealed that the administration of the justice in the Crimean Khanate had a high level of organization, characterized by a strict procedural order of court hearings. The author makes hypothesis that the Crimean judicial system had also sectorial specialization similar to modern.
Keywords: court, judge, khan, Sharia, sigil, qadi, law enforcement, judicial system.
For citation: Vaniev E.S. Features of administration of justice in the Crimean Khanate. Krymskoe istoricheskoe obozrenie=Crimean Historical Review. 2022, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 40–50. DOI: 10.22378/kio.2022.2.40-50 (In Russian)
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About the author: Eldar S. Vaniev – Cand. Sci. (Law), Senior Researcher, Research Institute of the Crimean Tatar Philology, History and Culture of Crimean Ethnic Groups, Fevzi Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University (295015, Uchebnyy lane, 8, Simferopol, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org