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2021. no 2. Eldar Seidametov

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Situation of Tatars and other Muslim minorities
in communist Bulgaria

Eldar Seidametov
(Sh. Marjani Institute of History of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences;
F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University )

Annotation. The article examines the situation of the Tatars  and other Muslim minorities  in Bulgaria during the communist period.

 The policy of the state  in relation to Muslim minorities  after the proclamation of the People`s Republic of Bulgaria  and the establishment of socialism  in the state according  to the Soviet model, when the political, economic  and social models  of the  USSR were imported  and introduced without taking into  account the national characteristics  of Bulgaria, are analyzed.

As in the Soviet Union (especially in the early stage of its  formation, religion was banned and this applied  to all confessions  without exception. The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) made every effort eradicate religious identity and, in particular, Islamic identity. It was planned to replace the religious ideological fragment  with a socialist one, and then, on its platform, form and stimulate  the development  of the national, modernist  and Soviet identity of Muslims. Moreover, the emphasis was also placed on improving the way of life and the material situation of the Muslim population, which, according to the Marxist theory of culture, should have contributed to a more effective formation of socialist consciousness. The ruling party saw in the Muslim religious consciousness and rudiments of the Ottoman past, an obstacle on the way of socialist progress and formation of socialist consciousness. Emasculating elements of the religious worldview from the mind of people, the BCP set itself the task of creating  a modern, secular, socialist personality. To this end, in 1946–1989 the government implemented  a number of economic, educational and cultural establishments.

Keywords: diaspora, socialism, communism, modernism, secularism, nationalism, the “revival process”, Muslim minorities, the Tatars.

For citationSeidametov E. Kh. Situation of Tatars and other Muslim minorities in communist Bulgaria. Krymskoe istoricheskoe obozrenie=Crimean Historical Review. 2021, no. 2, pp. 20–32.  DOI: 10.22378/kio.2021.2.20-32


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 About the author: Seidametov Eldar  Khalilovich – Cand.  Sci. (History), Associate Professor of the Department of History of the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education of the Republic of Crimea “F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University” (295015, Simferopol, Uchebniy lane, 8, Russian Federation); Head of the Crimean Scientific Center of Sh. Marjani Institute of History of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (420111, Kazan, Baturin Str., 7A, Russian Federation);

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