2021. no 2. Eldar Seidametov
Situation of Tatars and other Muslim minorities
in communist Bulgaria
(Sh. Marjani Institute of History of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences;
F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University )
Annotation. The article examines the situation of the Tatars and other Muslim minorities in Bulgaria during the communist period.
The policy of the state in relation to Muslim minorities after the proclamation of the People`s Republic of Bulgaria and the establishment of socialism in the state according to the Soviet model, when the political, economic and social models of the USSR were imported and introduced without taking into account the national characteristics of Bulgaria, are analyzed.
As in the Soviet Union (especially in the early stage of its formation, religion was banned and this applied to all confessions without exception. The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) made every effort eradicate religious identity and, in particular, Islamic identity. It was planned to replace the religious ideological fragment with a socialist one, and then, on its platform, form and stimulate the development of the national, modernist and Soviet identity of Muslims. Moreover, the emphasis was also placed on improving the way of life and the material situation of the Muslim population, which, according to the Marxist theory of culture, should have contributed to a more effective formation of socialist consciousness. The ruling party saw in the Muslim religious consciousness and rudiments of the Ottoman past, an obstacle on the way of socialist progress and formation of socialist consciousness. Emasculating elements of the religious worldview from the mind of people, the BCP set itself the task of creating a modern, secular, socialist personality. To this end, in 1946–1989 the government implemented a number of economic, educational and cultural establishments.
Keywords: diaspora, socialism, communism, modernism, secularism, nationalism, the “revival process”, Muslim minorities, the Tatars.
For citation: Seidametov E. Kh. Situation of Tatars and other Muslim minorities in communist Bulgaria. Krymskoe istoricheskoe obozrenie=Crimean Historical Review. 2021, no. 2, pp. 20–32. DOI: 10.22378/kio.2021.2.20-32
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About the author: Seidametov Eldar Khalilovich – Cand. Sci. (History), Associate Professor of the Department of History of the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education of the Republic of Crimea “F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University” (295015, Simferopol, Uchebniy lane, 8, Russian Federation); Head of the Crimean Scientific Center of Sh. Marjani Institute of History of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (420111, Kazan, Baturin Str., 7A, Russian Federation); firstname.lastname@example.org