skip to Main Content

2021. no 2. Elviz Osmanov

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22378/kio.2021.2.8-19 Скачать статью

Statistical information on the socio-economic development
of Bakhchisarai at the end of the 18th – beginning of the 20th centuries

Elviz Osmanov
(SBEEHE RC «F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University»)

Abstract. The city of Bakhchisarai turned into a district town in the Tauride province after the annexation of the Crimea to the Russian Empire. This article analyzes the picture of urban life, including the dynamics of population growth, an increase in the number of religious and educational institutions, based on archival materials and statistics. Crimean Tatars supported the local traditions of craft production, based on the use of local and partly imported raw materials. Handicraft workshops and trade shops defined the trade and handicraft character of the eastern Islamic city. After the annexation of the Crimea to Russia the city’s industry has developed rapidly, the number of townspeople grew. The rates of development of trade and industrial establishments of Bakhchisarai are demonstrated, the specialization of the former capital as a trade and craft center is shown, on the basis of statistical collections. The city of Bakhchisarai gradually integrated into the economic, cultural and economic space of the Russian Empire

Keywords: Bakhchisaray, statistics, religious monuments, educational institutions, trade shops, industrial establishments.

For citation: Osmanov E. E. Statistical information on the socio-economic development of Bakhchisarai at the end of the 18th – beginning of the 20th centuries. Krymskoe istoricheskoe obozrenie=Crimean Historical Review. 2021, no 2, pp. 8–19.   DOI: 10.22378/kio.2021.2.8-19

REFERENCES

  1. Berg N.V. Bakhchisaray: Otryvok iz pokhodnykh zametok [Bakhchisarai: An excerpt from hiking notes]. Biblioteka dlya chteniya [Library for reading]. 1857, B. 2, P. 2, pp. 1–30. (In Russian).
  2. Gorodskie poseleniya v Rossiyskoy imperii [Urban settlements in the Russian Empire] P. 4. Tavricheskaya guberniya. Bakhchisaray [Tauride province. Bakhchisarai]. SPb, 1864, pp. 716–721. (In Russian).
  3. State Archives of the Republic of Crimea (SARK), f.64, op.1, f.32. Rospis’ raskhodov g. Bakhchisaraya na 1878 g. [List of expenses of Bakhchisarai for 1878], 42 p. (In Russian).
  4. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f . 309. O vospreshchenii otkryvat’ bliz mechetey magometanskikh piteynykh zavedeniy po Bakhchisarayu 1884 g. [On the ban on opening drinking establishments near mosques in Bakhchisarai 1884]. 9 p. (In Russian).
  5. SARK, f. 64, op.1, f. 424. Ob otkrytii v Bakhchisarae traktirnykh, pivnykh i reiskovykh zavedeniy, 1887 g. [On the opening of tavern and beer establishments in Bakhchisarai]. 16 p. (In Russian).
  6. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 470. O razreshenii litsam dlya otkrytiya v Bakhchisarae traktirnykh zavedeniy, pivnykh, reiskovykh i vinnykh pogrebov. 1889 g. [About permission for persons to open tavern establishments, beer and wine cellars in Bakhchisarai]. 18 p. (In Russian).
  7. SARK, f. 64, op. 1. F. 588. O razreshenii litsam dlya otkrytiya v Bakhchisarae traktirnykh zavedeniy i reiskovykh pogrebov, 1891 g. [About permission for persons to open tavern establishments, beer and wine cellars in Bakhchisarai]. 14 p. (In Russian).
  8. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 643. O dostavlenii gubernskomu statisticheskomu komitetu svedeniy po prislannym formam o remeslennikakh, 1892–1893 gg. [On the delivery of information on artisans to the provincial statistical committee, 1892–1893 years]. 20 p. (In Russian).
  9. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 676. O dostavlenii gubernskomu pravleniyu spiska tsiryul’nikov, zhivushchikh v Bakhchisarae, 1893 g. [On the delivery to the provincial government of a list of barbers living in Bakhchisarai]. 7 p. (In Russian).
  10. SARK, f. 64, f. 845. Ob ustanovlenii Dumoy o vzyskanii aktsiznogo sbora s traktirov, gostinits, pivnykh lavok i kofeen v pol’zu goroda. 1896–1897 gg. [On the establishment by the Duma on the collection of excise duty from taverns, hotels, beer shops and coffee houses in favor of the city]. 32 p. (In Russian).
  11. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 904. O razreshenii na otkrytie v Bakhchisarae traktirnykh i pivnykh zavedeniy, a takzhe kofeen i chaynykh, 1897 g. [On permission to open tavern and beer establishments in Bakhchisarai, as well as coffee houses and tea houses]. 17 p. (In Russian).
  12. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 1181. Ob ustanovlenii Bakhchisarayskoy gorodskoy dumoy 3 yanvarya 1904 g. pravil dlya soderzhaniya v poryadke kofeen s vydachey im razresheniya dlya otkrytiya kofeen, 1904–05. [On the establishment by the Bakhchisarai City Duma on January 3, 1904 of the rules for keeping in the order of coffee houses with the issuance of permission to them to open them] 82 p. (In Russian).
  13. SARK, f. 64, op. 1, f. 1381. Zhurnal proverki torgovykh promyshlennykh predpriyatiy i lichnykh promyslovykh zanyatiy po gorodu Bakhchisarayu v 1908 g. [Inspection log of commercial industrial enterprises and personal trades in the city of Bakhchisarai]. 20 p. (In Russian).
  14. SARK, f. 377, op. 14, f. 304. Geometrichekiy spetsial’nyy spornyy plan akmechetskogo uezda g. Bakhchisaraya s prinadlezhashchimi k nemu predmest’yami [Geometric special plan of the Akmechet district of Bakhchisarai with suburbs belonging to it]. 1p. (In Russian).
  15. SARK, f. 431, op. 1, f. 9. Statisticheskaya vedomost’ naseleniya g. Bakhchisaraya [Statistical sheet of the population of Bakhchisarai], 1p. (In Russian).
  16. SARK, f. 431, op. 1, f. 22. Ne zakonchennye otnosheniya Bakhchisarayskogo gorodskogo golovy Tavricheskomu gubernatoru o sostave naseleniya, v svyazi s vyborami glasnykh v Dumu [The unfinished relationship of the Bakhchisarai mayor to the Taurida governor on the composition of the population, in connection with the election of vowels to the Duma]. 4 p. (In Russian).
  17. SARK, f. 431, op. 1, f. 25. Statisticheskie dannye Bakhchisaraya [Statistical information of Bakhchisarai]. 3 p. (In Russian).
  18. Dombrovskiy F. M. Istoriko-statisticheskiy ocherk g. Bakhchisaraya [Historical and statistical sketch of the city of Bakhchisarai]. Novorosiyskiy kalendar’ [Novorossiysk calendar]. Odessa, 1848, pp. 380–396. (In Russian).
  19. Zheltukhina O. A. Krymskie tatary v KhІKh nachala KhKh vv.: putevoditel’ po etnograficheskomu otdelu [Crimean Tatars in the 19th early 20th centuries: a guide to the ethnographic department]. Simferopol’: Domino, 2003, 126 p. (In Russian).
  20. Lashkov F. F. K voprosu o kolichestve naseleniya Tavricheskoy gubernii v nachale XIX stoletiya [On the question of the population size of the Tauride province at the beginning of the 19th century]. ITUAK [Proceedings of the Tauride Scientific Archival Commission], 1916, no 53, pp. 163–176. (In Russian).
  21. Novorossiyskiy kalendar’ na 1892 g. izdavaemyy Odesskim Gorodskim Obshchestvennym Upravleniem [The Novorossiysk calendar for 1892 published by the Odessa City Public Administration]. Edited by A. S. Borinevich. Odessa, tipografiya V.Kirkhnera [V. Kirchner printing house], 1891, 208 p. (In Russian).
  22. Novorossiyskiy kalendar’ na 1893 g. izdavaemyy Odesskim Gorodskim Obshchestvennym Upravleniem [The Novorossiysk calendar for 1893 published by the Odessa City Public Administration]. Edited by A. S. Borinevich. Odessa, V. Kirchner printing house, 1892, 224 p. (In Russian).
  23. Osmanov E. E. Statisticheskie dannye po uchebnym zavedeniyam Bakhchisaraya v kontse XIX – nachale XX vv. [Statistical information on educational institutions of Bakhchisarai at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th centuries]. Krymskoe istoricheskoe obozrenie [Crimean Historical Review], 2018, no 2, pp. 60–70. (In Russian).
  24. Pallas P.S. Nablyudeniya sdelannye vo vremya puteshestviya po yuzhnym namestnichestvam Russkogo gosudarstva v 1793–94 godakh [Observations made during a trip to the southern governorships of the Russian state in 1793–94 years]. M.: Nauka, 1999, 290 p. (In Russian).
  25. Pamyatnaya knizhka Tavricheskoy gubernii [Memorable book of the Taurida Gubernia]. Edited by K. V. Khanatskiy. Simferopol’: The typography of the Taurida Gubernia, 1867, 551 p. (In Russian).
  26. Pamyatnaya knizhka Tavricheskoy gubernii [Memorable book of the Taurida Gubernia]. Edited by K. A. Verner. Simferopol’: The typography of the newspaper “Crimea”, 1889, 551 p. (In Russian).
  27. Pamyatnaya knizhka Tavricheskoy gubernii na 1914 god [Memorable book of the Taurida Gubernia on 1914 year]. Edited by N. G. Chasovnikov. Simferopol’: The typography of the Taurida Gubernia, 1914, 444 p. (In Russian).
  28. Prokhorov D. A. Karaimskaya obshchina Bakhchisaraya v kontse ХVIII – nachale ХХ vv. [Karaite community of Bakhchisarai in the late XVIII – early XX centuries]. Materialy po istorii, arkheologii i etnografii Tavrii [Materials on the history, archeology and ethnography of Tavria]. Edited by A. I. Aybabin, V. N. Zin’ko. Simferopol’-Kerch’, 2015, vol. ХХ, pp. 445–508. (In Russian).
  29. Putevoditel’ puteshestvennika po Krymu Sh. Montandona [Traveler’s guide to Crimea S. Montandon]. Kiev: ID «Stilos», 2011. 416 p. (In Russian).
  30. Spravochnik Tavricheskoy gubernii na 1911 g. [Directory of the Tauride province for 1911]. Simferopol, 1911. 158 p. (In Russian).
  31. Sumarokov P. I. Dosugi krymskogo sud’i ili vtoroe puteshestvie v Tavridu [Leisure of the Crimean judge or the second trip to Tavrida]. Saint Petersburg: Imperial typography, 1805. 549 p. (In Russian).
  32. Tatarinov P. Ocherk Tavricheskoy gubernii v istoriko-geograficheskom otnoshenii [Sketch of the Taurida province in the historical and geographical relation]. Simferopol, 1894.116 p. (In Russian).

About the author: Osmanov Elviz Edemovich – Cand. Sci. (History), associate professor of chair of history in SBEEHE RC «F. Yakubov Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University» (295015, Simferopol, Uchebnyy lane, 8, Russian Federation); elvis_osmanov@mail.ru.

×Close search
Search