2021. no 1. Selim Chazbijewicz
Khan Jelaleddin and the Tatars
at the Battle of Grunwald
Abstract: This article is a translation from Polish of the scientific work of the Polish historian of the Crimean Tatar origin Selim Chazbijewicz “Khan Jelaleddin and the Tatars at the Battle of Grunwald”. It examines the role of the Tatar cavalry and the significance of the Battle of Grunwald for Poland and Lithuania. The Tatars played a special role in the military history of Poland and Lithuania in the XII–XIV centuries. Their ubiquitous presence in wars and battles in Eastern Europe was well known to their contemporaries, who perfectly understood that without their military assistance, no belligerent side could claim victory over its opponents. Their decisive role in battles can be explained mainly by their use of nomadic light cavalry, which was practically invincible in those centuries. The Battle of Grunwald took place on July 15, 1410 during the Polish-Lithuanian-Teutonic War. The union of the crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, headed by King Vladislav II Jagaila and Grand Duke Vytautas, finally defeated the German-Prussian knights of the Teutonic Order, headed by Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen. Most of the leaders of the Teutonic Knights were killed or taken prisoner. The Teutonic Order will never regain its former power again, the financial burden of war reparations caused internal conflicts and economic recession in the territories under their control. The battle altered the balance of power in Central and Eastern Europe and heralded the rise of the Polish-Lithuanian alliance as the dominant political and military power in the region.
Keywords: Tatar cavalry, Battle of Grunwald, Golden Horde, Jelaleddin.
For citation: Chazbijewicz S. Khan Jelaleddin and the Tatars at the Battle of Grunwald // Krymskoe istoricheskoeobozrenie=Crimean Historical Review. 2021, no. 1, pp. 83–94. DOI: 10.22378/kio.2021.1.83-94
- Korotopow W. S. Wojennyje tradicii krymskich karaimow [War traditions of the Crimean Karaites]. Simferopol, 2004.
- Kryczyński S. Kronika wojenna Tatarów litewskich, opracował, wstępem i przypisami opatrzył Jan Tyszkiewicz [War chronicle of the Lithuanian Tatars, prepared by Jan Tyszkiewicz with foreword and footnotes]. Gdansk, 1997/1998.
- Pamięci Wielkiego Księcia Witolda [w:] Rocznik Tatarski [In Memory Of Grand Duke Witold Tatar Yearbook]. V. I, Wilno, 1932.
- Sobczak J. Położenie prawne ludności tatarskiej w Wielkim Księstwie Litewskim [Legal situation of the Tatar population in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania]. Warszawa-Poznan, 1984.
- Tyszkiewicz J. Tatarzy na Litwie i w Polsce. Studia z dziejów XIII–XVIII w. [Tatars in Lithuania and Poland. Studies of XIII–XVIII centuries]. Warszawa, 1989.
- Włodarski J. Historia Dżoczi syna Czyngischana[History of Dzhokhi son Genghis Khan]. Gdansk, 1997.
About the author: Chazbijewicz Selim – Associate Professor at the Institute of Political sciences of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn. Since 2017 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Poland to the Republic of Kazakhstan and concurrently in the Kyrgyz Republic (010000, Nur-Sultan, Saryarka Avenue, 15, BTS “Isker”, Kazakhstan); nur-sultan.amb. email@example.com
About the translators: Namatov Mirlan Amanovich – Professor, PhD (history) of the Middle East Studies, Foreign Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences, Inscriptions and Literature of Toulouse (France), Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences, Literature and Arts of Tunisia, Associate Member of the Portuguese Academia de Marinha (Department of History), Visiting researcher of a scientific project by Professor Marat Alymkulov at the International University of Kyrgyzstan (72000, Bishkek, Turusbekov st., 89, Kyrgyzstan); firstname.lastname@example.org Namatov Nurlan Amanovich – Professor, PhD (political scientist), a writer, Member of the Paris Asiatic Society, Member of the Royal Asiatic Society of the Great Britain, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters of Clermont-Ferrand (France), Associate researcher of a scientific project by Professor Marat Alymkulov at the International University of Kyrgyzstan (72000, Bishkek, Turusbekov st., 89, Kyrgyzstan).